☸ Maharana Pratap
Mewar’s Greatest Hero, Maharana Pratap was born on: May 9, 1540, in Kumbhalgarh, Rajasthan, his mother’s name is Rani Jeevant Kanwar and father’s name is King Uday Singh. Maharana Pratap Singh died on 29, January 1597 in Chavand but still he is flaming as a fire in every Rajput’s blood. Uday Singh of Mewar had 33 children. Among them, the eldest was Pratap Singh. Self-respect and virtuous behavior were the main qualities of Pratap Singh. He was bold and brave right from his childhood and everyone was sure that he was going to be a very valiant person as he grew up. He was more interested in sports and learning to wield weapons rather than general education.
He was destined to be the 54th ruler of Mewar, in the line of the Sisodiya Rajputs. In 1567, when Crown Prince Pratap Singh was only 27, Chittor was surrounded by the Mughal forces of Emperor Akbar. Maharana Udai Singh II decided to leave Chittor and move his family to Gogunda, rather than capitulate to the Mughals. The young Pratap Singh wanted to stay back and fight the Mughals but the elders intervened and convinced him to leave Chittor, oblivious to the fact that this move from Chittor was going to create history for all times to come!
☸ Chandragupta Maurya
Indian Emperor Chandragupta Maurya lived from 340-298 BCE and was the first ruler of the Mauryan Empire. He ruled from 322-298 BCE; he was the father of Emperor Bindusara and grandfather of Emperor Ashoka. Before the time of Chandragupta, India was mostly composed of a number of small independent states, with the exception of the Magadha kingdom. Chandragupta began a process that would unify India for the first time in history. Chandragupta Maurya’s wife Durdhara was also the mother of his only son Bindusar who became his heir and the second Samrat of Mauryan Empire.
During 326 BCE, while fighting his way into India, Alexander the Great came across the army of King Porus the ruler of the local state of Paurava, located in modern day Punjab. Alexander’s army refused to go any further into Asia; his men mutinied and thus the Macedonian army turned back and left India because of Chandragupta Maurya and his empire. After the death of Durdhara, it is said that Chandragupta Maurya didn’t marry until he met his second wife during his 40s. Their marriage didn’t last long as Chandragupta Maurya soon converted into Jainism and died 4 to 5 years after he married Helena. There is no evidence of Queen Helen giving birth to Samrat’s child. It is widely believed that she was childless.
Known commonly as Ashoka and Ashoka the Great, Ashoka was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from circa 269 BCE to 232 BCE. One of India’s greatest emperors, Ashoka reigned over a realm that stretched from the Hindu Kush mountains in the west to Bengal in the East and covered the entire Indian subcontinent except for parts of present-day Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The empire’s capital was Pataliputra (in Magadha, present-day Bihar), with provincial capitals at Taxila and Ujjain.
When Ashoka was 18, he was sent to Ujjain as a viceroy. This is the time when he met his first wife Devi who was the daughter of a merchant from Vidisha. Bindusar’s favorite son Sushim had huge problems with Ashoka for the mere reason that Ashoka was much more efficient and courageous than him. So, he did not leave any chance to create problems in Ashoka’s life. After Samrat Bindusar’s death, there was a war of succession between the brothers. In this war, Ashoka killed all his brothers leaving just Tishya, his younger brother alive. Although Chakravartin Ashoka Samrat was born with a silver spoon, he had to face a lot of hardships in his early life. He was not the only ruler who had to go through a lot in life…
☸Prithvi Raj Chauhan
Prithviraj is thought to be the best warrior of India, furthermore one of the best on the planet. He prevailed to the position of the King of Ajmer at the age of thirteen years old, in 1179, when his father passed on in a fight. His grandfather Angam, ruler of Delhi, proclaimed him heir to the throne of Delhi subsequent to catching wind of his courage and fortitude. He once executed a lion all alone with no weapon. He was known as the warrior ruler. Chauhan was the last autonomous Hindu lord, before Hemu, to sit upon the upon the throne of Delhi. He succeeded to the throne in 1169 CE at the age of 20 and ruled from the twin capitals of Ajmer and Delhi.
He defeated the mighty Bheemdev, ruler of Gujarat, at the mere age of thirteen. He was trained in Archery and could aim at the target while being blindfolded (Shabdabhedi Ban Vidya). His love story with his enemy, Jaichand’s daughter, Samyukta/Sanyogita is very famous. He rode off with her on the day of her ‘Swayamwara’.
☸Shivaji (1674–1680 CE)
In 1645, a 15-year-old Shivaji captured the Torna Fort. It was a huge incident because it marked the
beginning of “Hindavi Swarajya” and the downfall of Mughal Empire. The great warrior Shivaji was born on between April 1627 to February 1630 at Shivneri Fort, presently in Maharashtra, India. Shivaji Bhonsle (Marathi) also known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, was an Indian warrior king and a member of the Bhonsle Maratha clan. A young boy of 16 is not known to win battles, but his mother’s teachings, father’s struggle and a pride in the motherland gave the young Shivaji his first achievement as an able warrior and leader with the seizure of the Torna Fort which was initially under the Bijapur Kingdom.
Shivaji established a competent and progressive civil rule with the help of a disciplined military and well-structured administrative organizations. He innovated military tactics, pioneering the guerrilla warfare methods (Shiva sutra or ganimi kava ). Chatrapati Shivaji is most famous for his valor to challenge the mighty Mughal Empire, at the time ruled by Aurangzeb. Although Emperor Aurangzeb tried to capture all the forts and territories under Shivaji he could not achieve much success due to Shivaji’s clever leadership qualities and guerrilla tactics. He also showed the importance of navy. He is also the first general in Indian history to have used the geographical terrain to his advantage.