Because it creates a strong concept of state nationalism or sub-nationalism why which there will be higher spirits which helps in effective competition for better glory in various areas and thus fuels a stronger economy and social standards.
It gives an identity to each state and thus fuels a stronger sub-nationalism which invokes state pride. For pushing state pride, one does more positive acts that increase the glory of the community or culture.
Having state flags is not uncommon across the world. Almost majority of the countries do have concept of state/provincial flags.
For example, take the best example- United States of America
Every state in the United States have its own flags and some are so iconic across the world, says the Lone Star of Texas or Bear flag of California.
Another worthy example is that of Germany. Germany is one of the best examples of true federalism and each of German States does have its own state identity which is greater than National identity. So as almost all German states have their flags at par with the national flag. Some like Bavaria’s flag is internationally popular due to the popularity of their automobile brand- BMW which uses their state flag as its logo colours.
So as the United Kingdom from which much of our constitution and government system has been inspired/inherited. The UK, unlike the US, is a unitary state, which means there is no concept of states/provinces within the UK. But historically the UK is an umbrella terminology for a nation comprising of 4 major Kingdoms. These 4 entities do have its own flags whose designs amalgamated to form the Union Jack flag of UK. Still despite of massive centralization, UK still officially allows each of these historical provinces to have its flag fluttering in public along with Union Jack.
Even places like France whose regions/provinces don’t have a separate political identity outside the common identity of the French Republic do have the concept of regional flags
So as Japan which is absolute Unitary state and have a system of absolute centralized rule still have flags for each prefecture
Even our neighbouring Pakistan do have a concept of the provincial flags which is nothing but emblems of each province over a green background (except Azad Kashmir territory/POK and Islamabad Capital Territory)
So having a state flag doesn’t matter big in Indian Context
Indian laws don’t prohibit any state or organization to have their own flag. Infact Constitution of India, Emblems and Names Act 1950, Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act 1971 and Flag Code of India 2002 don’t prohibit any state to have its official flag. This area is completely silently in Indian laws.
In the provisions of Flag Code of India 2002, regarding hoisting of the national flag by the general public, private organisations, educational institutions, etc., the Code expressly authorises the flying of other flags under the condition that they should not be hoisted from the same masthead as the national flag or placed higher than it. By implication, the Code provides space for a State flag as long as it does not offend the dignity and honour of the national flag.
So essentially flying a state flag doesn’t violate any provisions of the Indian Constitution.
We must understand, Indian states are divided on the basis of culture and language, thus each state has its own identity quite different from neighbouring state. Its because of this unique identity, each state has its own Political Emblem (that signifies its cultural uniqueness), its own state flora, fauna and other symbols unique to the state.
Flying a flag unique the state is just another addition like emblem or similar.
Written By: Arun Mohan
How it make look?
Most of the flags reproduced byin are pretty good and well made but as already suggested by
- Andhra Pradesh
The pale brown and green represent sincerity and prosperity respectively and are taken from the state seal. Red represents valor. The sun/moon motif is inspired by the Vijayanagara Empire with the crescent also symbolizing the Nizams.
- Arunachal Pradesh
Colors as well as motif inspired from State Seal. Orange stands for commitment and dedication, green for growth and abundance and yellow for prosperity. Blue/ White stands for snowcaps. Rising Sun symbolizes the Eastern most position of AP in India, making it the State with the first sunrise. The sun also symbolizes progress.
Yellow and Red are common colors in Assamese symbolism. Yellow stands for sunlight and prosperity while red stands for passion and resilience. Green stands for agriculture especially tea plantation and Pink stands for heritage. The Rhino stands for the famed Assamese wildlife.
A direct adaptation of the State Seal, the flag makes a call back to the spiritual history of Bihar as the birthplace of both Buddha and Mahavira. THe color scheme is inspired by Maurya artworks.
Lavender stands for industry, green for prosperity, yellow wheat sheath for agriculture and the red for valor and revolution. Bison is the state animal.
Green stands for the lush greenery, blue for oceans, yellow for beaches and red shield for Portuguese heritage. Lighthouse stands for guidance. The seven spoked lamp stands for Konkani heritage and the palms stand for generosity.
Left margin is designed with a classic Gujarati pattern symbolizing textile and related industries as well as heritage. The dry brown stands for humility and the connection to soil. Golden stands for regality. Lion is the state animal and a common symbol in Gujarat. It stands for courage and strength.
The arrow-notched bow is a depiction of the prehistoric Kurukshetra War as well as the multiple Panipat Wars, all of which have shaped Indian history. Yellow for prosperity, white for peace, green for agriculture and red for courage. Lotus is state flower. 6 lotuses symbolize 6 administrative divisions.
- Himachal Pradesh
Adapted from State Seal. Mountains, snow and greenery depicted. Moon depicts gentle strength and development.
- Jammu and Kashmir
Red depicts martyrdom as a homage to J&K’s troubled past, white peace, yellow prosperity and blue progress. The three petal lotus represents the three regions- Kashmir, Jammu and Ladakh.
Red for valor and yellow for prosperity. Green stands for dedication. Ashoka Chakra and the dagger box field around it are directly adapted from the State Seal
Yellow stands for Turmeric ( Auspiciousness) and red for Vermilion (Courage). The 4 white lines represent the 4 administrative divisions.
The Elephant is the state animal depicting hardwork and strength while the laurel wreathed conch shell symbolizes prosperity and stability. Together they are also in honor of Kerala’s predecessor states, the Travancore and Cochin Kingdoms. Red obviously represents Kerala’s very distinct form of parliamentary revolution and socialism, green represents the lush greenery, blue represents connection to oceans and water. The 14 dots represent the 14 districts.
- Madhya Pradesh
The pale brown and green stand for human resource and natural wealth. Yellow stands for heritage. Red for courage. Barasingha, the state animal stands for resilience.
The triangularly bifurcated rectangular field of deep bhagwa orange is a call back to the great Maratha Empire. Bhagwa also symbolizes sacrifice and courage. White stands for peace. Yellow Sun symbolizes prosperity and progress along with tropical weather while blue symbolizes the sea.
White stands for Peace and Deep Blue stands for Potential. The three stars are the three administrative divisions. The Seal shows the Kangla Sha an integral part of Manipuri culture and it symbolizes the Manipuri identity while also serving as a callback to the Kingdom of Manipur. The seven-striped band on the left hand extreme, is a vertical Salai Terat flag showing the 7 Meitei tribes of Manipur- Mangang (Red) , Luwang (Greyish White), Khuman (Black), Angom (Orange), Moilang (Violet), Khapa Nganpa (Azure) and Salang Leisangthem (Light Green).
Green symbolizes nature, white symbolizes peace and truth. Lavender symbolizes love and selflessness while blue represents the rainclouds that make the state so famous. The three streams apart from symbolizing water also symbolize the three main original tribes- Khasi, Garo, and Jaintia.
White stands for peace, truth and stability. The mountain peaks represent Mizoram’s hilly terrain. The state animal Serow symbolizes hardyness and action. Sky blue represents the welcoming nature of Mizos and the Mizo shawl is symbolic of the history and culture of the region.
The sky blue represents openness and generosity. Yellow, Red, Green tricolor rainbow features prominently in unofficial Naga flags. The red signifies the courage of the Naga people. Yellow represents the beauty of Nagaland and honesty of the Naga people. Green represents the wealth and prosperity of the Nagaland. The central motif represents Naga Culture and heritage.
Yellow stands for natural beauty and prosperity, blue for maritime history, connection with the oceans as well as openness and selflessness. Red stands for Courage, white for truth and black for wisdom. The Konark Sun Wheel symbolizes the Odia Culture, History and Heritage.
The 5 blue streams represent the 5 rivers that give Punjab its name as well as the 5 administrative divisions of the state. The blue also shows connection to water. Dark saffrony-orange (Bhagwa) background stands for bravery and selfless sacrifice of people that Punjab is so much known for. It is also a callback to the Sikh Empire and the Khalsa Flag. The central flower is a Sikh Lotus that depicts the Sikh culture. The black stands for wisdom and tradition, red for resilience and passion while green symbolizes agriculture and abundance.
Orange stands for Bravery and dedication, yellow for prosperity and growth and green for happiness and abundance. The Sun shows the sunny deserts of Rajasthan and is also in honor of the great Rajput Kingdoms of the yore.
Red depicts regality and honor while white stands for peace and justice. The Dharma Chakra stands for truth, righteousness and responsibility and is taken from the national flag of the former Kingdom of Sikkim.
- Tamil Nadu
White stands for peace and truth and Blue stands for the oceans and Tamil Nadu’s relationship with the sea (maritime history). Red stands for Courage and Resilience while green stands for prosperity and growth. Yellow stands for happiness and generosity. Red and yellow also draw from Chola and Pandya flags respectively. The temple gopuram symbolizes Tamil culture, history and heritage while coconut palms symbolize agrarian life.
Blue stands for maritime history and the signature openness and welcoming nature of the state. Saffron for Courage and sacrifice. Green for abundance and growth. Yellow for stability. The central shield is white for peace and truth with the image of the state seal which shows the Warangal Gate (symbolic of Kakatiya Dynasty) and Charminar (symbolic of the Islamic Hyderbad Nizamate). 10 pink flowers symbolise the Bathukamma festival as well as the 10 original regions that were carved out of AP to form Telengana.
Saffron stands for selflessness, green for lush greenery and agriculture, red for courage and valor. The sun motif is symbolic of the fact that Tripura has one of the earliest sunrises in India. White is for purity and blue streams represent the rivers and lakes.
- Uttar Pradesh
The red symbolizes courage, brown symbolizes humility and green shows prosperity. Blue stands for the rivers. The motif taken from the State Seal features 2 tributaries merging into a river showing Ganga and Yamuna. The Two fish and Arroe-notched Bow are taken from the ancient Flag of Saket (Rama Rajya). The fish also call back to the Oudh Nizamate. The White Sunburst is from the Kosala flag. Brown wheat sheath stands for agriculture.
Sky blue stands for openness and selfless generosity. Deep blue stands for beauty and prosperity. Red and Green stand for the regions of Kumaon and Gharwal respectively since the Kumaon Kingdom had a red flag and the Gharwal Kingdom had a green one. The mountain peaks represent the Himalayas and the blue streams represent the rivers. The small white dot represents unity and convergence.
- West Bengal
Red stands for sacrifice, courage and passion. Green stands for abundance, growth and agriculture. White stands for peace and justice, black for wisdom and yellow for prosperity and beauty. The tiger symbolizes Bengali valor and is the State Animal. The ‘ব’ symbolizes the Bengali language and is drawn from the seal of Biswa Bangla.
For all Union Territories
- Andaman and Nicobar
Lavender symbolizes hope, blue waves for the ocean and white for peace. The red stands for courage. The 2 stars depict the 2 island groups.
Bhagwa stands for courage and sacrifice, yellow for prosperity and beauty while white stands for peace and love. The Hand Monument is a symbol of Chandigarh.
- Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Green represents lush greenery, blue represents maritime history, red represents courage, the Portuguese orb represents the Portuguese heritage while the central motif celebrates the Tribal heritage.
- Daman and Diu
Yellow stands for prosperity, red for resilience and green for natural beauty. White stands for peace, lighthouse for guidance and maritime history. Portuguese orb stands for Portuguese heritage.
- National Capital Territory of New Delhi
Azure represents openness, generosity and selflessness; the red symbolizes passion, courage and sacrifice while the green symbolizes prosperity, abundance and stability. The white stands for peace and truth and the yellow sun stands for vibrancy, progress and development. The symbols could also be interpreted to fit the history of the region, such that the red could also stand for the Hindu Rajput Kingdoms, Green for Islamic Sultanates and Mughal Empire and the azure for British Raj with the Sun on white motif standing for the vibrant independent India.
The Navy blue symbolizes beauty and purpose, the azure waves symbolize water, green symbolizes prosperity and the Coconut palm symbolizes the endemic flora and fauna.
The 4 bars represent the 4 districts, yellow for Mahe, Red for Yanam, White for Karaikal and Blue for the capital, Pondicherry. The blue, white, red motif on right is a call back to the French Era in India and to the French heritage and culture.
Written By: Hridith Sudev (ഹൃദിത് സുദേവ് )