Ancient City of Dwarka

Dwarka is an ancient city which is also the municipality of Devbhoomi Dwarka district in the state of Gujarat in northwestern India. It is settled on the western shore of the Okhamandal Peninsula on the right bank of the Gomti River.  It had a population of 38,873 in 1011. Dwarka is famous for its one of the Chardhams, four sacred Hindu pilgrimage sites, and the seven most ancient religious cities in the country also called as Sapta Puri called . Dwarka is often identified as, the ancient kingdom of Krishna, and is believed to have been the first capital of Gujarat.Dwarka means the “gateway to heaven”which In Sanskrit is also known, as Dwar I.e “gate” and ka references “Brahma“.

Dwarka has also been referred as “Mokshapuri”, “Dwarkamati”, and “Dwarkavati” in its ancient time which is  mentioned in the ancient prehistoric epic period of the Mahabharata. According to the sources, Krishna settled here after he defeated and killed his uncle Kansa at Mathura.  Culture of Gujarat is closely associated with Krishna’s  mythological account of  migration to Dwarka from Mathura. This migration  is also said to have reclaimed 12 yojanas or 96 square kilometres (37 sq mi) of land from the sea to create Dwarka. Dwarka was established as the capital in Saurashtra by the Aryans during the Puranaic.

Early history

In 200 AD, King Vasudev II of Dwarka was defeated by Mahakshatriya Rudradama. Rudradama’s wife, Queen Dheeradevi, invited his brother Pulumavi,  after the death of Rudrama  for seeking guidance to rule. Rudradama had embraced the Vaishnava religion and worshipped Krishna at Dwarka. Vajranabha, his successor, built a chhattri (an umbrella type monument) and deified an idol of Krishna in it. Dwarka is known as holy city whose most of the revenue is generated from tourism for the pilgrims site. It is a  rich agriculture which cultivates  as milletsgheeoilseeds, and salt, which are transported from its port. Janmashtami is the main festival that is celebrated during Autum season of setember.  Government of India selected it as a heritageCity  for Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) initiative.The Dwarakadhisa Temple, also called Jagat Mandir, located in the heart of Dwarka, is a Vaishnava temple.

Janmashtami is the main festival that is celebrated during August and Septemberwith great energy as the birth of lord Krishna which l is marked by several night long celebrations. People can watch a paranomic view of the city from the famous lighthouse point on Dwarka peninsula which is a fixed light situated 70 feet (21 m) above the sea level. The light is visible over a distance of 10 miles (16 km) and is situated above  40 feet (12 m) in height and is 117 yards (107 m) away from the high water level in the sea. Solar radioactives are provided on the lighthouse tower.  Also there is another famous lake or tank called Gopi Talab in the western part of the  Dwarka city.

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Written By: Nigdha Shandliya

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