The Gupta empire started as a small kingdom in 240 AD with Sri Gupta, who ruled till 280 AD. He was succeeded by his son Ghatotkacha, who ruled until 319 AD. It is said that Ghatotkacha challenged nearby feudal lords and conquered their lands.
Then in 320 AD, after the death of the king Ghatotkacha, his son Chandragupta I became the king and that was when the empire started to become more strong. Chandragupta I made the army strong and made the small kingdom into a large empire which was later increased in size by Samudragupta I and Chandragupta II (also called Vikramaditya). Predecessors of Chandragupta I were called as Maharaja (meaning Great King) but Chandragupta I, for his achievements, was referred as Maharajadhiraja (Great King of Kings).
Historians refer the era under Gupta empire as the ‘Golden Era of India”. The era had rich culture which was clear from their creative and magnificent architecture, sculpture and paintings. The finest examples being the Ajanta, Ellora, Sarnath, Mathura, Anuradhapura and Sigiriya.
The most famous impressive structure is the Iron Pillar in Delhi, which has not rusted or corroded in more than a millenium
This era has also seen the likes of great poets like Kalidasa, great Mathematicians and astronomers like Aryabhatta, Varahamihira and many great people in various fields. Ancient Nalanda University also flourished under the Gupta Empire.Many literary works like Surya Siddhanta by Aryabhatta, Bramhasamhita by Varahamira,by , were written during this time.
The game of Chess is said to have been originated during this era.
In conclusion I would say:
The Gupta empire had immense riches not only in the form of money or wealth but also in the form of culture, creativity, scientific knowledge and more. No wonder this is called the “Golden Age of India”. Yet I believe this empire doesn’t get as much recognition as it deserves.