Lachit Borphukan – Greatest Warrior of Ahom Dynasty

The name that comes to my mind is Lachit Borphukan, and I am pretty sure 90% of the Indian population have not heard a word about him because he hails from such a corner of the country which got hardly breached by any other mainland dynasty until the British.

Lachit Borphukan was an army general from Assam. He is remembered for his extraordinary victory against the Mughal army of Aurangzeb headed by Ram Singh in the Battle of Saraighat. Like Shivaji Lachit Borphukan also fought relentlessly to curb the expansion of the Mughal Empire in Assam. Lachit Borphukan was the commander in the Battle of Saraighat which was fought in 1671 between the Mughals and the Ahom Kingdom on the Brahmaputra river at Saraighat, now in Guwahati.

In this battle the weaker, the Ahom Army defeated the Mughal Army by brilliant uses of the terrain, clever diplomatic negotiations to buy time, guerrilla tactics, psychological warfare, military intelligence and by exploiting the sole weakness of the Mughal forces,its navy.

Lachit’s patriotism and devotion to his land is best described by the battle of Saraighat where he even went to the extent of beheading his own uncle for the sake of his land. During the preparations for the battle he ordered an earthen wall for fortification to be constructed within one night and employed his maternal uncle as the supervisor.Late in the night when Lachit came for inspection, he found that the work was not progressing satisfactorily. When asked for an explanation, his uncle tried to cite tiredness, at which negligence of duty, Lachit became so furious that he beheaded his uncle on the spot, saying “My uncle is not greater than my country”. The barrier was completed within that night and the remains of this fortification are still known as “Momai-kota Garh” or “The fortification where the uncle was beheaded”.

In spite of his illness, Lachit had himself carried on a boat and with seven boats accompanying him advanced headlong against the Mughal fleet. He shouted, “If you (the soldiers) want to flee, flee. The king has given me a task here and I will do it well. Let the Mughals take me away. You report to the king that his general fought well following his orders.” This had an electrifying effect on his soldiers. They rallied behind him and a desperate battle ensued on the Brahmaputra. The Ahoms in their small boats encircled the bigger but less maneuverable Mughal boats. The river got littered with clashing boats and drowning soldiers.

But this great general of the Ahom Army was finally defeated by illness that killed him very soon after the victory at the battle of Saraighat. Lachit Borphukan’s last remains lies in rest at the Lachit Maidam built in 1672 by Swargadeo Udayaditya Singha at Hoolungapara 16 km from Jorhat. On 24th November each year Lachit Divas is celebrated in Assam as a State holiday to commemorate the heroism of the great general Lachit Borphukan and the victory of the Assamese Army at the battle of Saraighat.

Lachit Borphukan’s bravery and tales of patriotism remained confined to the State of Assam for almost three centuries until the nation was introduced to the great general on November 14, 2000, when his statue was unveiled at the National Defense Academy in Khadakvasla, near Pune in Maharashtra by Lt. Gen. S.K. Sinha (Retd), the then Governor of Assam. Sinha is responsible for initiating the process of getting Lachit Borphukan his due from the Nation.

On 24 November each year Lachit Divas is celebrated statewide in Assam to commemorate the heroism of Lachit Borphukan and the victory of the Assamese army at the Battle of Saraighat.

The Unsung Hero of India: Lachit Borphukan | The Story of Mughal ...

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