108: Sacred Number of Hindus

Ever heard of Mysticism of Numbers? 108 is one such number that will leave you thinking about its endless mysticism. Do you think it is pure science? Probably more than what mathematics is?

I will talk about Vedas first with regards to this number because that includes facts related to science, mathematics, astrology, numerology, community, cultures etc. I personally think the concept of this 108 number is even beyond time.

Vedic Cosmology

The diameter of the Sun multiplied by 108 equals the distance between Sun and Earth, and the diameter of the Moon multiplied by 108 equals the distance between Earth and Moon. The diameter of the Sun is 108 times the diameter of the Earth.

Vedic Astrology

Astrology is majorly based on 3 things ie. Houses, Planets & Nakshatras.

There are 12 houses, 9 planets & 27 Nakshatras of 4 padas each. If we multiply 12 x 9 we get 108. If we multiply 27 by 4 then also we get 108.

Vedic Mathematics

This number 108 contains all the numbers within. Any number that adds up to number 9 gives the same number.

Example 15 = 1+5 = 6. 15+9 = 24 = 6.

Even if you multiply any number with 9 and then add the digits gives number 9. Example 20×9 = 180 = 9 ,

99 x 9 = 891 = 9,

35 x 9 = 315 = 9

Vedic Numerology

108 adds up to number 9. This number 9 in Vedic Numerology is treated as sacred and is referred as a godly number. Many scholars who did research in Vedic Numerology (Ofcourse much later than the vedas were discovered) found out that there are life cycles of 9 years each in Numerology.

In hindu culture, the life cycles are also known as yugas and all of these yugas are related to number 9.

  • Satya Yuga equals 1,728,000 Human years = (1+7+2+8 = 18 ) Number 9
  • Treta Yuga equals 1,296,000 Human years = (1+2+9+6 = 18) Number 9
  • Dvapara Yuga equals 864,000 Human years = (8+6+4 = 18) Number 9
  • Kali Yuga equals 432,000 Human years = (4+3+2) Number 9

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Scientific facts

Modern periodic table have 108 elements. The last element Hassium which is also the heaviest has 108 protons.

Hinsuism facts

  1. Shiva’s cosmic dance has 108 poses
  2. According to shiv puran, there are 108 karanas in his tandav.
  3. There are 108 upnishads
  4. Sri Yantra is made of 54 intersections which are made by 2 energies. When we multiply 54 by 2 we get 108.
  5. Major hindu dieties have 108 names.
  6. Mukhya shivaganas also known as the attendants of lord Shiva were 108 in number that is why it is recommended to do 108 mala jaap of Rudraksh for lord Shiva.
  7. Lord Krishna had 108 followers known as gopis.


Budhism believes that we have approx 108 type of feelings and that is why they have 108 beads in their rosaries for meditation. One has to overcome these 108 type of feelings to attain Nirvana.


It has also 108 type of ways to influx karmas which includes 4 Kashays, 3 karanas, 3 planning, 3 ways of execution. When we multiply 4x3x3x3 we get 108.

The list is exhaustive and it is no coincidence that 108 has a major impact in our lives. It was, it is & it will be a mystical number always.


The Chinese Buddhists and Taoists use a 108 bead mala, which is called su-chu, and has three dividing beads, so the mala is divided into three parts of 36 each. Chinese astrology says that there are 108 sacred stars.


In Japan, at the end of the year, a bell is chimed 108 times to finish the old year and welcome the new one. Each ring represents one of 108 earthly temptations a person must overcome to achieve nirvana.


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